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rf101_basics.py File Reference

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Detailed Description

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This tutorial illustrates the basic features of RooFit.

import ROOT
# Set up model
# ---------------------
# Declare variables x,mean,sigma with associated name, title, initial
# value and allowed range
x = ROOT.RooRealVar("x", "x", -10, 10)
mean = ROOT.RooRealVar("mean", "mean of gaussian", 1, -10, 10)
sigma = ROOT.RooRealVar("sigma", "width of gaussian", 1, 0.1, 10)
# Build gaussian p.d.f in terms of x,mean and sigma
gauss = ROOT.RooGaussian("gauss", "gaussian PDF", x, mean, sigma)
# Construct plot frame in 'x'
xframe = x.frame(ROOT.RooFit.Title("Gaussian p.d.f.")) # RooPlot
# Plot model and change parameter values
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Plot gauss in frame (i.e. in x)
gauss.plotOn(xframe)
# Change the value of sigma to 3
sigma.setVal(3)
# Plot gauss in frame (i.e. in x) and draw frame on canvas
gauss.plotOn(xframe, ROOT.RooFit.LineColor(ROOT.kRed))
# Generate events
# -----------------------------
# Generate a dataset of 1000 events in x from gauss
data = gauss.generate(ROOT.RooArgSet(x), 10000) # ROOT.RooDataSet
# Make a second plot frame in x and draw both the
# data and the p.d.f in the frame
xframe2 = x.frame(ROOT.RooFit.Title(
"Gaussian p.d.f. with data")) # RooPlot
data.plotOn(xframe2)
gauss.plotOn(xframe2)
# Fit model to data
# -----------------------------
# Fit pdf to data
gauss.fitTo(data)
# Print values of mean and sigma (that now reflect fitted values and
# errors)
mean.Print()
sigma.Print()
# Draw all frames on a canvas
c = ROOT.TCanvas("rf101_basics", "rf101_basics", 800, 400)
c.Divide(2)
c.cd(1)
ROOT.gPad.SetLeftMargin(0.15)
xframe.GetYaxis().SetTitleOffset(1.6)
xframe.Draw()
c.cd(2)
ROOT.gPad.SetLeftMargin(0.15)
xframe2.GetYaxis().SetTitleOffset(1.6)
xframe2.Draw()
c.SaveAs("rf101_basics.png")
Date
February 2018
Authors
Clemens Lange, Wouter Verkerke (C++ version)

Definition in file rf101_basics.py.