ROOT   Reference Guide
TSPlot Class Reference

## Legacy Code

TSPlot is a legacy interface: there will be no bug fixes nor new developments. Therefore it is not recommended to use it in new long-term production code. But, depending on the context, using TSPlot might still be a valid solution.

A common method used in High Energy Physics to perform measurements is the maximum Likelihood method, exploiting discriminating variables to disentangle signal from background. The crucial point for such an analysis to be reliable is to use an exhaustive list of sources of events combined with an accurate description of all the Probability Density Functions (PDF).

To assess the validity of the fit, a convincing quality check is to explore further the data sample by examining the distributions of control variables. A control variable can be obtained for instance by removing one of the discriminating variables before performing again the maximum Likelihood fit: this removed variable is a control variable. The expected distribution of this control variable, for signal, is to be compared to the one extracted, for signal, from the data sample. In order to be able to do so, one must be able to unfold from the distribution of the whole data sample.

The TSPlot method allows to reconstruct the distributions for the control variable, independently for each of the various sources of events, without making use of any a priori knowledge on this variable. The aim is thus to use the knowledge available for the discriminating variables to infer the behaviour of the individual sources of events with respect to the control variable.

TSPlot is optimal if the control variable is uncorrelated with the discriminating variables.

A detail description of the formalism itself, called $$\hbox{_s}{\cal P}lot$$, is given in [1].

### The method

The $$\hbox{_s}{\cal P}lot$$ technique is developed in the above context of a maximum Likelihood method making use of discriminating variables.

One considers a data sample in which are merged several species of events. These species represent various signal components and background components which all together account for the data sample. The different terms of the log-Likelihood are:

• $$N$$ : the total number of events in the data sample,
• $${\rm N}_{\rm s}$$ : the number of species of events populating the data sample,
• $$N_i$$ : the number of events expected on the average for the $$i^{\rm th}$$ species,
• $${\rm f}_i(y_e)$$ : the value of the PDFs of the discriminating variables $$y$$ for the $$i^{th}$$ species and for event $$e$$,
• $$x$$ : the set of control variables which, by definition, do not appear in the expression of the Likelihood function $${\cal L}$$.

${\cal L}=\sum_{e=1}^{N}\ln \Big\{ \sum_{i=1}^{{\rm N}_{\rm s}}N_i{\rm f}_i(y_e) \Big\} -\sum_{i=1}^{{\rm N}_{\rm s}}N_i \tag{1}$

From this expression, after maximization of $${\cal L}$$ with respect to the $$N_i$$ parameters, a weight can be computed for every event and each species, in order to obtain later the true distribution $$\hbox{M}_i(x)$$ of variable $$x$$. If $${\rm n}$$ is one of the $${\rm N}_{\rm s}$$ species present in the data sample, the weight for this species is defined by:

$\fbox{ {_s{\cal P}}_{\rm n}(y_e)={\sum_{j=1}^{{\rm N}_{\rm s}} \hbox{V}_{{\rm n}j}{\rm f}_j(y_e)\over\sum_{k=1}^{{\rm N}_{\rm s}}N_k{\rm f}_k(y_e) } } , \tag{2}$

where $$\hbox{V}_{{\rm n}j}$$

is the covariance matrix resulting from the Likelihood maximization. This matrix can be used directly from the fit, but this is numerically less accurate than the direct computation:

$\hbox{ V}^{-1}_{{\rm n}j}~=~ {\partial^2(-{\cal L})\over\partial N_{\rm n}\partial N_j}~=~ \sum_{e=1}^N {{\rm f}_{\rm n}(y_e){\rm f}_j(y_e)\over(\sum_{k=1}^{{\rm N}_{\rm s}}N_k{\rm f}_k(y_e))^2} . \tag{3}$

The distribution of the control variable $$x$$ obtained by histogramming the weighted events reproduces, on average, the true distribution $${\hbox{ {M}}}_{\rm n}(x)$$

The class TSPlot allows to reconstruct the true distribution $${\hbox{ {M}}}_{\rm n}(x)$$

of a control variable $$x$$ for each of the $${\rm N}_{\rm s}$$ species from the sole knowledge of the PDFs of the discriminating variables $${\rm f}_i(y)$$. The plots obtained thanks to the TSPlot class are called $$\hbox {_s}{\cal P}lots$$.

### Some properties and checks

Beside reproducing the true distribution, $$\hbox {_s}{\cal P}lots$$ bear remarkable properties:

• Each $$x$$ - distribution is properly normalized:

$\sum_{e=1}^{N} {_s{\cal P}}_{\rm n}(y_e)~=~N_{\rm n} ~. \tag{4}$

• For any event:

$\sum_{l=1}^{{\rm N}_{\rm s}} {_s{\cal P}}_l(y_e) ~=~1 ~. \tag{5}$

That is to say that, summing up the $${\rm N}_{\rm s}$$ $$\hbox {_s}{\cal P}lots$$, one recovers the data sample distribution in $$x$$, and summing up the number of events entering in a $$\hbox{_s}{\cal P}lot$$ for a given species, one recovers the yield of the species, as provided by the fit. The property 4 is implemented in the TSPlot class as a check.

• the sum of the statistical uncertainties per bin

$\sigma[N_{\rm n}\ _s\tilde{\rm M}_{\rm n}(x) {\delta x}]~=~\sqrt{\sum_{e \subset {\delta x}} ({_s{\cal P}}_{\rm n})^2} ~. \tag{6}$

reproduces the statistical uncertainty on the yield $$N_{\rm n}$$, as provided by the fit: $$\sigma[N_{\rm n}]\equiv\sqrt{\hbox{ V}_{{\rm n}{\rm n}}}$$ . Because of that and since the determination of the yields is optimal when obtained using a Likelihood fit, one can conclude that the $$\hbox{_s}{\cal P}lot$$ technique is itself an optimal method to reconstruct distributions of control variables.

### Different steps followed by TSPlot

1. A maximum Likelihood fit is performed to obtain the yields $$N_i$$ of the various species.The fit relies on discriminating variables $$y$$ uncorrelated with a control variable $$x$$: the later is therefore totally absent from the fit.
2. The weights $${_s{\cal P}}$$ are calculated using Eq. (2) where the covariance matrix is taken from Minuit.
3. Histograms of $$x$$ are filled by weighting the events with $${_s{\cal P}}$$ .
4. Error bars per bin are given by Eq. (6).

The $$\hbox {_s}{\cal P}lots$$ reproduce the true distributions of the species in the control variable $$x$$, within the above defined statistical uncertainties.

### Illustrations

To illustrate the technique, one considers an example derived from the analysis where $$\hbox {_s}{\cal P}lots$$ have been first used (charmless B decays). One is dealing with a data sample in which two species are present: the first is termed signal and the second background. A maximum Likelihood fit is performed to obtain the two yields $$N_1$$ and $$N_2$$ . The fit relies on two discriminating variables collectively denoted $$y$$ which are chosen within three possible variables denoted $${m_{\rm ES}}$$ , $$\Delta E$$ and $${\cal F}$$. The variable which is not incorporated in $$y$$ is used as the control variable $$x$$ . The six distributions of the three variables are assumed to be the ones depicted in Fig. 1.

Figure 1

Distributions of the three discriminating variables available to perform the Likelihood fit: $${m_{\rm ES}}$$ , $$\Delta E$$ , $${\cal F}$$ . Among the three variables, two are used to perform the fit while one is kept out of the fit to serve the purpose of a control variable. The three distributions on the top (resp. bottom) of the figure correspond to the signal (resp. background). The unit of the vertical axis is chosen such that it indicates the number of entries per bin, if one slices the histograms in 25 bins.

A data sample being built through a Monte Carlo simulation based on the distributions shown in Fig. 1, one obtains the three distributions of Fig. 2. Whereas the distribution of $$\Delta E$$ clearly indicates the presence of the signal, the distribution of $${m_{\rm ES}}$$ and $${\cal F}$$ are less obviously populated by signal.

Figure 2

Distributions of the three discriminating variables for signal plus background. The three distributions are the ones obtained from a data sample obtained through a Monte Carlo simulation based on the distributions shown in Fig. 1. The data sample consists of 500 signal events and 5000 background events.

Choosing $$\Delta E$$ and $${\cal F}$$ as discriminating variables to determine $$N_1$$ and $$N_2$$ through a maximum Likelihood fit, one builds, for the control variable $${m_{\rm ES}}$$ which is unknown to the fit, the two $$\hbox {_s}{\cal P}lots$$ for signal and background shown in Fig. 3. One observes that the $$\hbox{_s}{\cal P}lot$$ for signal reproduces correctly the PDF even where the latter vanishes, although the error bars remain sizeable. This results from the almost complete cancellation between positive and negative weights: the sum of weights is close to zero while the sum of weights squared is not. The occurence of negative weights occurs through the appearance of the covariance matrix, and its negative components, in the definition of Eq. (2).

A word of caution is in order with respect to the error bars. Whereas their sum in quadrature is identical to the statistical uncertainties of the yields determined by the fit, and if, in addition, they are asymptotically correct, the error bars should be handled with care for low statistics and/or for too fine binning. This is because the error bars do not incorporate two known properties of the PDFs: PDFs are positive definite and can be non-zero in a given x-bin, even if in the particular data sample at hand, no event is observed in this bin. The latter limitation is not specific to $$\hbox {_s}{\cal P}lots$$ , rather it is always present when one is willing to infer the PDF at the origin of an histogram, when, for some bins, the number of entries does not guaranty the applicability of the Gaussian regime. In such situations, a satisfactory practice is to attach allowed ranges to the histogram to indicate the upper and lower limits of the PDF value which are consistent with the actual observation, at a given confidence level.

Figure 3

The $$\hbox {_s}{\cal P}lots$$ (signal on top, background on bottom) obtained for $${m_{\rm ES}}$$ are represented as dots with error bars. They are obtained from a fit using only information from $$\Delta E$$ and $${\cal F}$$

Choosing $${m_{\rm ES}}$$ and $$\Delta E$$ as discriminating variables to determine $$N_1$$ and $$N_2$$ through a maximum Likelihood fit, one builds, for the control variable $${\cal F}$$ which is unknown to the fit, the two $$\hbox {_s}{\cal P}lots$$ for signal and background shown in Fig. 4. In the $$\hbox{_s}{\cal P}lot$$ for signal one observes that error bars are the largest in the $$x$$ regions where the background is the largest.

Figure 4

The $$\hbox {_s}{\cal P}lots$$ (signal on top, background on bottom) obtained for $${\cal F}$$ are represented as dots with error bars. They are obtained from a fit using only information from $${m_{\rm ES}}$$ and $$\Delta E$$

The results above can be obtained by running the tutorial TestSPlot.C

Definition at line 21 of file TSPlot.h.

## Public Member Functions

TSPlot ()
default constructor (used by I/O only) More...

TSPlot (Int_t nx, Int_t ny, Int_t ne, Int_t ns, TTree *tree)
Normal TSPlot constructor. More...

~TSPlot () override
Destructor. More...

void Browse (TBrowser *b) override
To browse the histograms. More...

void FillSWeightsHists (Int_t nbins=50)
The order of histograms in the array: More...

void FillXvarHists (Int_t nbins=100)
Fills the histograms of x variables (not weighted) with nbins. More...

void FillYpdfHists (Int_t nbins=100)
Fills the histograms of pdf-s of y variables with binning nbins. More...

void FillYvarHists (Int_t nbins=100)
Fill the histograms of y variables. More...

Int_t GetNevents ()

Int_t GetNspecies ()

void GetSWeights (Double_t *weights)
Returns the matrix of sweights. More...

void GetSWeights (TMatrixD &weights)
Returns the matrix of sweights. More...

TH1DGetSWeightsHist (Int_t ixvar, Int_t ispecies, Int_t iyexcl=-1)
Returns the histogram of a variable, weighted with sWeights. More...

TObjArrayGetSWeightsHists ()
Returns an array of all histograms of variables, weighted with sWeights. More...

TStringGetTreeExpression ()

TStringGetTreeName ()

TStringGetTreeSelection ()

TH1DGetXvarHist (Int_t ixvar)
Returns the histogram of variable ixvar. More...

TObjArrayGetXvarHists ()
Returns the array of histograms of x variables (not weighted). More...

TH1DGetYpdfHist (Int_t iyvar, Int_t ispecies)
Returns the histogram of the pdf of variable iyvar for species #ispecies, binning nbins. More...

TObjArrayGetYpdfHists ()
Returns the array of histograms of pdf's of y variables with binning nbins. More...

TH1DGetYvarHist (Int_t iyvar)
Returns the histogram of variable iyvar.If histograms have not already been filled, they are filled with default binning 100. More...

TObjArrayGetYvarHists ()
Returns the array of histograms of y variables. More...

TClassIsA () const override

Bool_t IsFolder () const override
Returns kTRUE in case object contains browsable objects (like containers or lists of other objects). More...

void MakeSPlot (Option_t *option="v")
Calculates the sWeights. More...

void RefillHist (Int_t type, Int_t var, Int_t nbins, Double_t min, Double_t max, Int_t nspecies=-1)
The Fill...Hist() methods fill the histograms with the real limits on the variables This method allows to refill the specified histogram with user-set boundaries min and max. More...

void SetInitialNumbersOfSpecies (Int_t *numbers)
Set the initial number of events of each species - used as initial estimates in minuit. More...

void SetNEvents (Int_t ne)

void SetNSpecies (Int_t ns)

void SetNX (Int_t nx)

void SetNY (Int_t ny)

void SetTree (TTree *tree)
Set the input Tree. More...

void SetTreeSelection (const char *varexp="", const char *selection="", Long64_t firstentry=0)
Specifies the variables from the tree to be used for splot. More...

void Streamer (TBuffer &) override
Stream an object of class TObject. More...

void StreamerNVirtual (TBuffer &ClassDef_StreamerNVirtual_b)

Public Member Functions inherited from TObject
TObject ()
TObject constructor. More...

TObject (const TObject &object)
TObject copy ctor. More...

virtual ~TObject ()
TObject destructor. More...

void AbstractMethod (const char *method) const
Use this method to implement an "abstract" method that you don't want to leave purely abstract. More...

Append graphics object to current pad. More...

virtual void Browse (TBrowser *b)
Browse object. May be overridden for another default action. More...

ULong_t CheckedHash ()
Check and record whether this class has a consistent Hash/RecursiveRemove setup (*) and then return the regular Hash value for this object. More...

virtual const char * ClassName () const
Returns name of class to which the object belongs. More...

virtual void Clear (Option_t *="")

virtual TObjectClone (const char *newname="") const
Make a clone of an object using the Streamer facility. More...

virtual Int_t Compare (const TObject *obj) const
Compare abstract method. More...

virtual void Copy (TObject &object) const
Copy this to obj. More...

virtual void Delete (Option_t *option="")
Delete this object. More...

virtual Int_t DistancetoPrimitive (Int_t px, Int_t py)
Computes distance from point (px,py) to the object. More...

virtual void Draw (Option_t *option="")
Default Draw method for all objects. More...

virtual void DrawClass () const
Draw class inheritance tree of the class to which this object belongs. More...

virtual TObjectDrawClone (Option_t *option="") const
Draw a clone of this object in the current selected pad with: gROOT->SetSelectedPad(c1). More...

virtual void Dump () const
Dump contents of object on stdout. More...

virtual void Error (const char *method, const char *msgfmt,...) const
Issue error message. More...

virtual void Execute (const char *method, const char *params, Int_t *error=nullptr)
Execute method on this object with the given parameter string, e.g. More...

virtual void Execute (TMethod *method, TObjArray *params, Int_t *error=nullptr)
Execute method on this object with parameters stored in the TObjArray. More...

virtual void ExecuteEvent (Int_t event, Int_t px, Int_t py)
Execute action corresponding to an event at (px,py). More...

virtual void Fatal (const char *method, const char *msgfmt,...) const
Issue fatal error message. More...

virtual TObjectFindObject (const char *name) const
Must be redefined in derived classes. More...

virtual TObjectFindObject (const TObject *obj) const
Must be redefined in derived classes. More...

virtual Option_tGetDrawOption () const
Get option used by the graphics system to draw this object. More...

virtual const char * GetIconName () const
Returns mime type name of object. More...

virtual const char * GetName () const
Returns name of object. More...

virtual char * GetObjectInfo (Int_t px, Int_t py) const
Returns string containing info about the object at position (px,py). More...

virtual Option_tGetOption () const

virtual const char * GetTitle () const
Returns title of object. More...

virtual UInt_t GetUniqueID () const
Return the unique object id. More...

virtual Bool_t HandleTimer (TTimer *timer)
Execute action in response of a timer timing out. More...

virtual ULong_t Hash () const
Return hash value for this object. More...

Bool_t HasInconsistentHash () const
Return true is the type of this object is known to have an inconsistent setup for Hash and RecursiveRemove (i.e. More...

virtual void Info (const char *method, const char *msgfmt,...) const
Issue info message. More...

virtual Bool_t InheritsFrom (const char *classname) const
Returns kTRUE if object inherits from class "classname". More...

virtual Bool_t InheritsFrom (const TClass *cl) const
Returns kTRUE if object inherits from TClass cl. More...

virtual void Inspect () const
Dump contents of this object in a graphics canvas. More...

void InvertBit (UInt_t f)

virtual TClassIsA () const

Bool_t IsDestructed () const
IsDestructed. More...

virtual Bool_t IsEqual (const TObject *obj) const
Default equal comparison (objects are equal if they have the same address in memory). More...

virtual Bool_t IsFolder () const
Returns kTRUE in case object contains browsable objects (like containers or lists of other objects). More...

R__ALWAYS_INLINE Bool_t IsOnHeap () const

virtual Bool_t IsSortable () const

R__ALWAYS_INLINE Bool_t IsZombie () const

virtual void ls (Option_t *option="") const
The ls function lists the contents of a class on stdout. More...

void MayNotUse (const char *method) const
Use this method to signal that a method (defined in a base class) may not be called in a derived class (in principle against good design since a child class should not provide less functionality than its parent, however, sometimes it is necessary). More...

virtual Bool_t Notify ()
This method must be overridden to handle object notification. More...

void Obsolete (const char *method, const char *asOfVers, const char *removedFromVers) const
Use this method to declare a method obsolete. More...

void operator delete (void *ptr)
Operator delete. More...

void operator delete[] (void *ptr)
Operator delete []. More...

void * operator new (size_t sz)

void * operator new (size_t sz, void *vp)

void * operator new[] (size_t sz)

void * operator new[] (size_t sz, void *vp)

TObjectoperator= (const TObject &rhs)
TObject assignment operator. More...

virtual void Paint (Option_t *option="")
This method must be overridden if a class wants to paint itself. More...

virtual void Pop ()
Pop on object drawn in a pad to the top of the display list. More...

virtual void Print (Option_t *option="") const
This method must be overridden when a class wants to print itself. More...

virtual Int_t Read (const char *name)
Read contents of object with specified name from the current directory. More...

virtual void RecursiveRemove (TObject *obj)
Recursively remove this object from a list. More...

void ResetBit (UInt_t f)

virtual void SaveAs (const char *filename="", Option_t *option="") const
Save this object in the file specified by filename. More...

virtual void SavePrimitive (std::ostream &out, Option_t *option="")
Save a primitive as a C++ statement(s) on output stream "out". More...

void SetBit (UInt_t f)

void SetBit (UInt_t f, Bool_t set)
Set or unset the user status bits as specified in f. More...

virtual void SetDrawOption (Option_t *option="")
Set drawing option for object. More...

virtual void SetUniqueID (UInt_t uid)
Set the unique object id. More...

virtual void Streamer (TBuffer &)
Stream an object of class TObject. More...

void StreamerNVirtual (TBuffer &ClassDef_StreamerNVirtual_b)

virtual void SysError (const char *method, const char *msgfmt,...) const
Issue system error message. More...

R__ALWAYS_INLINE Bool_t TestBit (UInt_t f) const

Int_t TestBits (UInt_t f) const

virtual void UseCurrentStyle ()
Set current style settings in this object This function is called when either TCanvas::UseCurrentStyle or TROOT::ForceStyle have been invoked. More...

virtual void Warning (const char *method, const char *msgfmt,...) const
Issue warning message. More...

virtual Int_t Write (const char *name=nullptr, Int_t option=0, Int_t bufsize=0)
Write this object to the current directory. More...

virtual Int_t Write (const char *name=nullptr, Int_t option=0, Int_t bufsize=0) const
Write this object to the current directory. More...

## Static Public Member Functions

static TClassClass ()

static const char * Class_Name ()

static constexpr Version_t Class_Version ()

static const char * DeclFileName ()

Static Public Member Functions inherited from TObject
static TClassClass ()

static const char * Class_Name ()

static constexpr Version_t Class_Version ()

static const char * DeclFileName ()

static Longptr_t GetDtorOnly ()
Return destructor only flag. More...

static Bool_t GetObjectStat ()
Get status of object stat flag. More...

static void SetDtorOnly (void *obj)
Set destructor only flag. More...

static void SetObjectStat (Bool_t stat)
Turn on/off tracking of objects in the TObjectTable. More...

## Protected Member Functions

void SPlots (Double_t *covmat, Int_t i_excl)
Computes the sWeights from the covariance matrix. More...

Protected Member Functions inherited from TObject
virtual void DoError (int level, const char *location, const char *fmt, va_list va) const
Interface to ErrorHandler (protected). More...

void MakeZombie ()

## Protected Attributes

TMatrixD fMinmax

Int_t fNevents

Int_t fNSpecies

Double_tfNumbersOfEvents

Int_t fNx

Int_t fNy

TMatrixD fPdfTot

TStringfSelection

TMatrixD fSWeights

TObjArray fSWeightsHists

TTreefTree

TStringfTreename

TStringfVarexp

TMatrixD fXvar

TObjArray fXvarHists

TMatrixD fYpdf

TObjArray fYpdfHists

TMatrixD fYvar

TObjArray fYvarHists

Public Types inherited from TObject
enum  {
kIsOnHeap = 0x01000000 , kNotDeleted = 0x02000000 , kZombie = 0x04000000 , kInconsistent = 0x08000000 ,
}

enum  { kSingleKey = (1ULL << ( 0 )) , kOverwrite = (1ULL << ( 1 )) , kWriteDelete = (1ULL << ( 2 )) }

enum  EDeprecatedStatusBits { kObjInCanvas = (1ULL << ( 3 )) }

enum  EStatusBits {
kCanDelete = (1ULL << ( 0 )) , kMustCleanup = (1ULL << ( 3 )) , kIsReferenced = (1ULL << ( 4 )) , kHasUUID = (1ULL << ( 5 )) ,
kCannotPick = (1ULL << ( 6 )) , kNoContextMenu = (1ULL << ( 8 )) , kInvalidObject = (1ULL << ( 13 ))
}

Protected Types inherited from TObject
enum  { kOnlyPrepStep = (1ULL << ( 3 )) }

#include <TSPlot.h>

Inheritance diagram for TSPlot:
[legend]

## ◆ TSPlot() [1/2]

 TSPlot::TSPlot ( )

default constructor (used by I/O only)

Definition at line 289 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ TSPlot() [2/2]

 TSPlot::TSPlot ( Int_t nx, Int_t ny, Int_t ne, Int_t ns, TTree * tree )

Normal TSPlot constructor.

• nx : number of control variables
• ny : number of discriminating variables
• ne : total number of events
• ns : number of species
• tree: input data

Definition at line 310 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ ~TSPlot()

 TSPlot::~TSPlot ( )
override

Destructor.

Definition at line 332 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ Browse()

 void TSPlot::Browse ( TBrowser * b )
overridevirtual

To browse the histograms.

Reimplemented from TObject.

Definition at line 347 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ Class()

 static TClass * TSPlot::Class ( )
static
Returns
TClass describing this class

## ◆ Class_Name()

 static const char * TSPlot::Class_Name ( )
static
Returns
Name of this class

## ◆ Class_Version()

 static constexpr Version_t TSPlot::Class_Version ( )
inlinestaticconstexpr
Returns
Version of this class

Definition at line 90 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ DeclFileName()

 static const char * TSPlot::DeclFileName ( )
inlinestatic
Returns
Name of the file containing the class declaration

Definition at line 90 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ FillSWeightsHists()

 void TSPlot::FillSWeightsHists ( Int_t nbins = 50 )

The order of histograms in the array:

x0_species0, x0_species1,..., x1_species0, x1_species1,..., y0_species0, y0_species1,...

If the histograms have already been filled with a different binning, they are refilled and all histograms are deleted

Definition at line 691 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ FillXvarHists()

 void TSPlot::FillXvarHists ( Int_t nbins = 100 )

Fills the histograms of x variables (not weighted) with nbins.

Definition at line 521 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ FillYpdfHists()

 void TSPlot::FillYpdfHists ( Int_t nbins = 100 )

Fills the histograms of pdf-s of y variables with binning nbins.

Definition at line 631 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ FillYvarHists()

 void TSPlot::FillYvarHists ( Int_t nbins = 100 )

Fill the histograms of y variables.

Definition at line 578 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ GetNevents()

 Int_t TSPlot::GetNevents ( )
inline

Definition at line 63 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ GetNspecies()

 Int_t TSPlot::GetNspecies ( )
inline

Definition at line 64 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ GetSWeights() [1/2]

 void TSPlot::GetSWeights ( Double_t * weights )

Returns the matrix of sweights.

It is assumed that the array passed in the argurment is big enough

Definition at line 509 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ GetSWeights() [2/2]

 void TSPlot::GetSWeights ( TMatrixD & weights )

Returns the matrix of sweights.

Definition at line 498 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ GetSWeightsHist()

 TH1D * TSPlot::GetSWeightsHist ( Int_t ixvar, Int_t ispecies, Int_t iyexcl = -1 )

Returns the histogram of a variable, weighted with sWeights.

• If histograms have not been already filled, they are filled with default binning 50
• If parameter ixvar!=-1, the histogram of x-variable ixvar is returned for species ispecies
• If parameter ixvar==-1, the histogram of y-variable iyexcl is returned for species ispecies
• If the histogram has already been filled and the binning is different from the parameter nbins all histograms with old binning will be deleted and refilled.

Definition at line 825 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ GetSWeightsHists()

 TObjArray * TSPlot::GetSWeightsHists ( )

Returns an array of all histograms of variables, weighted with sWeights.

If histograms have not been already filled, they are filled with default binning 50 The order of histograms in the array:

x0_species0, x0_species1,..., x1_species0, x1_species1,..., y0_species0, y0_species1,...

Definition at line 739 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ GetTreeExpression()

 TString * TSPlot::GetTreeExpression ( )
inline

Definition at line 78 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ GetTreeName()

 TString * TSPlot::GetTreeName ( )
inline

Definition at line 76 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ GetTreeSelection()

 TString * TSPlot::GetTreeSelection ( )
inline

Definition at line 77 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ GetXvarHist()

 TH1D * TSPlot::GetXvarHist ( Int_t ixvar )

Returns the histogram of variable ixvar.

If histograms have not already been filled, they are filled with default binning 100.

Definition at line 564 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ GetXvarHists()

 TObjArray * TSPlot::GetXvarHists ( )

Returns the array of histograms of x variables (not weighted).

If histograms have not already been filled, they are filled with default binning 100.

Definition at line 549 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ GetYpdfHist()

 TH1D * TSPlot::GetYpdfHist ( Int_t iyvar, Int_t ispecies )

Returns the histogram of the pdf of variable iyvar for species #ispecies, binning nbins.

If histograms have not already been filled, they are filled with default binning 100.

Definition at line 674 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ GetYpdfHists()

 TObjArray * TSPlot::GetYpdfHists ( )

Returns the array of histograms of pdf's of y variables with binning nbins.

If histograms have not already been filled, they are filled with default binning 100.

Definition at line 660 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ GetYvarHist()

 TH1D * TSPlot::GetYvarHist ( Int_t iyvar )

Returns the histogram of variable iyvar.If histograms have not already been filled, they are filled with default binning 100.

Definition at line 618 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ GetYvarHists()

 TObjArray * TSPlot::GetYvarHists ( )

Returns the array of histograms of y variables.

If histograms have not already been filled, they are filled with default binning 100.

Definition at line 604 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ IsA()

 TClass * TSPlot::IsA ( ) const
inlineoverridevirtual
Returns
TClass describing current object

Reimplemented from TObject.

Definition at line 90 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ IsFolder()

 Bool_t TSPlot::IsFolder ( ) const
inlineoverridevirtual

Returns kTRUE in case object contains browsable objects (like containers or lists of other objects).

Reimplemented from TObject.

Definition at line 56 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ MakeSPlot()

 void TSPlot::MakeSPlot ( Option_t * option = "v" )

Calculates the sWeights.

The option controls the print level

• "Q" - no print out
• "V" - prints the estimated #of events in species - default
• "VV" - as "V" + the minuit printing + sums of weights for control

Definition at line 397 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ RefillHist()

 void TSPlot::RefillHist ( Int_t type, Int_t nvar, Int_t nbins, Double_t min, Double_t max, Int_t nspecies = -1 )

The Fill...Hist() methods fill the histograms with the real limits on the variables This method allows to refill the specified histogram with user-set boundaries min and max.

Parameters:

• type = 1 - histogram of x variable #nvar
• type = 2 - histogram of y variable #nvar
• type = 3 - histogram of y_pdf for y #nvar and species #nspecies
• type = 4 - histogram of x variable#nvar, species#nspecies, WITH sWeights
• type = 5 - histogram of y variable#nvar, species#nspecies, WITH sWeights

Definition at line 760 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ SetInitialNumbersOfSpecies()

 void TSPlot::SetInitialNumbersOfSpecies ( Int_t * numbers )

Set the initial number of events of each species - used as initial estimates in minuit.

Definition at line 381 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ SetNEvents()

 void TSPlot::SetNEvents ( Int_t ne )
inline

Definition at line 85 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ SetNSpecies()

 void TSPlot::SetNSpecies ( Int_t ns )
inline

Definition at line 84 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ SetNX()

 void TSPlot::SetNX ( Int_t nx )
inline

Definition at line 82 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ SetNY()

 void TSPlot::SetNY ( Int_t ny )
inline

Definition at line 83 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ SetTree()

 void TSPlot::SetTree ( TTree * tree )

Set the input Tree.

Definition at line 843 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ SetTreeSelection()

 void TSPlot::SetTreeSelection ( const char * varexp = "", const char * selection = "", Long64_t firstentry = 0` )

Specifies the variables from the tree to be used for splot.

Variables fNx, fNy, fNSpecies and fNEvents should already be set!

In the 1st parameter it is assumed that first fNx variables are x(control variables), then fNy y variables (discriminating variables), then fNy*fNSpecies ypdf variables (probability distribution functions of discriminating variables for different species). The order of pdfs should be: species0_y0, species0_y1,... species1_y0, species1_y1,...species[fNSpecies-1]_y0... The 2nd parameter allows to make a cut TTree::Draw method description contains more details on specifying expression and selection

Definition at line 861 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ SPlots()

 void TSPlot::SPlots ( Double_t * covmat, Int_t i_excl )
protected

Computes the sWeights from the covariance matrix.

Definition at line 477 of file TSPlot.cxx.

## ◆ Streamer()

 void TSPlot::Streamer ( TBuffer & R__b )
overridevirtual

Stream an object of class TObject.

Reimplemented from TObject.

## ◆ StreamerNVirtual()

 void TSPlot::StreamerNVirtual ( TBuffer & ClassDef_StreamerNVirtual_b )
inline

Definition at line 90 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fMinmax

 TMatrixD TSPlot::fMinmax
protected

Definition at line 27 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fNevents

 Int_t TSPlot::fNevents
protected

Definition at line 44 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fNSpecies

 Int_t TSPlot::fNSpecies
protected

Definition at line 43 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fNumbersOfEvents

 Double_t* TSPlot::fNumbersOfEvents
protected

Definition at line 46 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fNx

 Int_t TSPlot::fNx
protected

Definition at line 41 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fNy

 Int_t TSPlot::fNy
protected

Definition at line 42 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fPdfTot

 TMatrixD TSPlot::fPdfTot
protected

Definition at line 26 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fSelection

 TString* TSPlot::fSelection
protected

Definition at line 38 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fSWeights

 TMatrixD TSPlot::fSWeights
protected

Definition at line 28 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fSWeightsHists

 TObjArray TSPlot::fSWeightsHists
protected

Definition at line 33 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fTree

 TTree* TSPlot::fTree
protected

Definition at line 35 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fTreename

 TString* TSPlot::fTreename
protected

Definition at line 36 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fVarexp

 TString* TSPlot::fVarexp
protected

Definition at line 37 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fXvar

 TMatrixD TSPlot::fXvar
protected

Definition at line 23 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fXvarHists

 TObjArray TSPlot::fXvarHists
protected

Definition at line 30 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fYpdf

 TMatrixD TSPlot::fYpdf
protected

Definition at line 25 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fYpdfHists

 TObjArray TSPlot::fYpdfHists
protected

Definition at line 32 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fYvar

 TMatrixD TSPlot::fYvar
protected

Definition at line 24 of file TSPlot.h.

## ◆ fYvarHists

 TObjArray TSPlot::fYvarHists
protected

Definition at line 31 of file TSPlot.h.

Libraries for TSPlot:
[legend]

The documentation for this class was generated from the following files: