Logo ROOT  
Reference Guide
No Matches
TMVARegressionApplication.C File Reference

Detailed Description

View in nbviewer Open in SWAN
This macro provides a simple example on how to use the trained regression MVAs within an analysis module

  • Project : TMVA - a Root-integrated toolkit for multivariate data analysis
  • Package : TMVA
  • Executable: TMVARegressionApplication
==> Start TMVARegressionApplication
: Booking "BDTG method" of type "BDT" from datasetreg/weights/TMVARegression_BDTG.weights.xml.
: Reading weight file: datasetreg/weights/TMVARegression_BDTG.weights.xml
<HEADER> DataSetInfo : [Default] : Added class "Regression"
: Booked classifier "BDTG" of type: "BDT"
: Booking "DNN_CPU method" of type "DL" from datasetreg/weights/TMVARegression_DNN_CPU.weights.xml.
: Reading weight file: datasetreg/weights/TMVARegression_DNN_CPU.weights.xml
: Booked classifier "DNN_CPU" of type: "DL"
: Booking "KNN method" of type "KNN" from datasetreg/weights/TMVARegression_KNN.weights.xml.
: Reading weight file: datasetreg/weights/TMVARegression_KNN.weights.xml
: Creating kd-tree with 1000 events
: Computing scale factor for 1d distributions: (ifrac, bottom, top) = (80%, 10%, 90%)
<HEADER> ModulekNN : Optimizing tree for 2 variables with 1000 values
: <Fill> Class 1 has 1000 events
: Booked classifier "KNN" of type: "KNN"
: Booking "LD method" of type "LD" from datasetreg/weights/TMVARegression_LD.weights.xml.
: Reading weight file: datasetreg/weights/TMVARegression_LD.weights.xml
: Booked classifier "LD" of type: "LD"
: Booking "PDEFoam method" of type "PDEFoam" from datasetreg/weights/TMVARegression_PDEFoam.weights.xml.
: Reading weight file: datasetreg/weights/TMVARegression_PDEFoam.weights.xml
: Read foams from file: datasetreg/weights/TMVARegression_PDEFoam.weights_foams.root
: Booked classifier "PDEFoam" of type: "PDEFoam"
--- TMVARegressionApp : Using input file: ./files/tmva_reg_example.root
--- Select signal sample
: Rebuilding Dataset Default
--- End of event loop: Real time 0:00:02, CP time 2.800
--- Created root file: "TMVARegApp.root" containing the MVA output histograms
==> TMVARegressionApplication is done!
#include <cstdlib>
#include <vector>
#include <iostream>
#include <map>
#include <string>
#include "TFile.h"
#include "TTree.h"
#include "TString.h"
#include "TSystem.h"
#include "TROOT.h"
#include "TStopwatch.h"
#include "TMVA/Tools.h"
#include "TMVA/Reader.h"
using namespace TMVA;
void TMVARegressionApplication( TString myMethodList = "" )
// This loads the library
// Default MVA methods to be trained + tested
std::map<std::string,int> Use;
// --- Mutidimensional likelihood and Nearest-Neighbour methods
Use["PDERS"] = 0;
Use["PDEFoam"] = 1;
Use["KNN"] = 1;
// --- Linear Discriminant Analysis
Use["LD"] = 1;
// --- Function Discriminant analysis
Use["FDA_GA"] = 0;
Use["FDA_MC"] = 0;
Use["FDA_MT"] = 0;
Use["FDA_GAMT"] = 0;
// --- Neural Network
Use["MLP"] = 0;
// Deep neural network
Use["DNN_GPU"] = 1;
Use["DNN_CPU"] = 0;
Use["DNN_GPU"] = 0;
Use["DNN_CPU"] = 1;
Use["DNN_CPU"] = 0;
// --- Support Vector Machine
Use["SVM"] = 0;
// --- Boosted Decision Trees
Use["BDT"] = 0;
Use["BDTG"] = 1;
// ---------------------------------------------------------------
std::cout << std::endl;
std::cout << "==> Start TMVARegressionApplication" << std::endl;
// Select methods (don't look at this code - not of interest)
if (myMethodList != "") {
for (std::map<std::string,int>::iterator it = Use.begin(); it != Use.end(); it++) it->second = 0;
std::vector<TString> mlist = gTools().SplitString( myMethodList, ',' );
for (UInt_t i=0; i<mlist.size(); i++) {
std::string regMethod(mlist[i]);
if (Use.find(regMethod) == Use.end()) {
std::cout << "Method \"" << regMethod << "\" not known in TMVA under this name. Choose among the following:" << std::endl;
for (std::map<std::string,int>::iterator it = Use.begin(); it != Use.end(); it++) std::cout << it->first << " ";
std::cout << std::endl;
Use[regMethod] = 1;
// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// --- Create the Reader object
TMVA::Reader *reader = new TMVA::Reader( "!Color:!Silent" );
// Create a set of variables and declare them to the reader
// - the variable names MUST corresponds in name and type to those given in the weight file(s) used
Float_t var1, var2;
reader->AddVariable( "var1", &var1 );
reader->AddVariable( "var2", &var2 );
// Spectator variables declared in the training have to be added to the reader, too
Float_t spec1,spec2;
reader->AddSpectator( "spec1:=var1*2", &spec1 );
reader->AddSpectator( "spec2:=var1*3", &spec2 );
// --- Book the MVA methods
TString dir = "datasetreg/weights/";
TString prefix = "TMVARegression";
// Book method(s)
for (std::map<std::string,int>::iterator it = Use.begin(); it != Use.end(); it++) {
if (it->second) {
TString methodName = it->first + " method";
TString weightfile = dir + prefix + "_" + TString(it->first) + ".weights.xml";
reader->BookMVA( methodName, weightfile );
// Book output histograms
TH1* hists[100];
Int_t nhists = -1;
for (std::map<std::string,int>::iterator it = Use.begin(); it != Use.end(); it++) {
TH1* h = new TH1F( it->first.c_str(), TString(it->first) + " method", 100, -100, 600 );
if (it->second) hists[++nhists] = h;
// Prepare input tree (this must be replaced by your data source)
// in this example, there is a toy tree with signal and one with background events
// we'll later on use only the "signal" events for the test in this example.
TFile *input(0);
TString fname = "./tmva_reg_example.root";
if (!gSystem->AccessPathName( fname )) {
input = TFile::Open( fname ); // check if file in local directory exists
else {
input = TFile::Open("http://root.cern/files/tmva_reg_example.root", "CACHEREAD"); // if not: download from ROOT server
if (!input) {
std::cout << "ERROR: could not open data file" << std::endl;
std::cout << "--- TMVARegressionApp : Using input file: " << input->GetName() << std::endl;
// --- Event loop
// Prepare the tree
// - here the variable names have to corresponds to your tree
// - you can use the same variables as above which is slightly faster,
// but of course you can use different ones and copy the values inside the event loop
TTree* theTree = (TTree*)input->Get("TreeR");
std::cout << "--- Select signal sample" << std::endl;
theTree->SetBranchAddress( "var1", &var1 );
theTree->SetBranchAddress( "var2", &var2 );
std::cout << "--- Processing: " << theTree->GetEntries() << " events" << std::endl;
for (Long64_t ievt=0; ievt<theTree->GetEntries();ievt++) {
if (ievt%1000 == 0) {
std::cout << "--- ... Processing event: " << ievt << std::endl;
// Retrieve the MVA target values (regression outputs) and fill into histograms
// NOTE: EvaluateRegression(..) returns a vector for multi-target regression
for (Int_t ih=0; ih<nhists; ih++) {
TString title = hists[ih]->GetTitle();
Float_t val = (reader->EvaluateRegression( title ))[0];
hists[ih]->Fill( val );
std::cout << "--- End of event loop: "; sw.Print();
// --- Write histograms
TFile *target = new TFile( "TMVARegApp.root","RECREATE" );
for (Int_t ih=0; ih<nhists; ih++) hists[ih]->Write();
std::cout << "--- Created root file: \"" << target->GetName()
<< "\" containing the MVA output histograms" << std::endl;
delete reader;
std::cout << "==> TMVARegressionApplication is done!" << std::endl << std::endl;
int main( int argc, char** argv )
// Select methods (don't look at this code - not of interest)
TString methodList;
for (int i=1; i<argc; i++) {
TString regMethod(argv[i]);
if(regMethod=="-b" || regMethod=="--batch") continue;
if (!methodList.IsNull()) methodList += TString(",");
methodList += regMethod;
return 0;
int main()
Definition Prototype.cxx:12
#define h(i)
Definition RSha256.hxx:106
int Int_t
Definition RtypesCore.h:45
unsigned int UInt_t
Definition RtypesCore.h:46
float Float_t
Definition RtypesCore.h:57
long long Long64_t
Definition RtypesCore.h:80
Option_t Option_t TPoint TPoint const char GetTextMagnitude GetFillStyle GetLineColor GetLineWidth GetMarkerStyle GetTextAlign GetTextColor GetTextSize void input
Option_t Option_t TPoint TPoint const char GetTextMagnitude GetFillStyle GetLineColor GetLineWidth GetMarkerStyle GetTextAlign GetTextColor GetTextSize void char Point_t Rectangle_t WindowAttributes_t Float_t Float_t Float_t Int_t Int_t UInt_t UInt_t Rectangle_t Int_t Int_t Window_t TString Int_t GCValues_t GetPrimarySelectionOwner GetDisplay GetScreen GetColormap GetNativeEvent const char const char dpyName wid window const char font_name cursor keysym reg const char only_if_exist regb h Point_t winding char text const char depth char const char Int_t count const char ColorStruct_t color const char Pixmap_t Pixmap_t PictureAttributes_t attr const char char ret_data h unsigned char height h Atom_t Int_t ULong_t ULong_t unsigned char prop_list Atom_t Atom_t target
R__EXTERN TSystem * gSystem
Definition TSystem.h:555
A ROOT file is an on-disk file, usually with extension .root, that stores objects in a file-system-li...
Definition TFile.h:53
static TFile * Open(const char *name, Option_t *option="", const char *ftitle="", Int_t compress=ROOT::RCompressionSetting::EDefaults::kUseCompiledDefault, Int_t netopt=0)
Create / open a file.
Definition TFile.cxx:4089
static Bool_t SetCacheFileDir(std::string_view cacheDir, Bool_t operateDisconnected=kTRUE, Bool_t forceCacheread=kFALSE)
Sets the directory where to locally stage/cache remote files.
Definition TFile.cxx:4626
1-D histogram with a float per channel (see TH1 documentation)
Definition TH1.h:622
TH1 is the base class of all histogram classes in ROOT.
Definition TH1.h:59
virtual Int_t Fill(Double_t x)
Increment bin with abscissa X by 1.
Definition TH1.cxx:3344
The Reader class serves to use the MVAs in a specific analysis context.
Definition Reader.h:64
const std::vector< Float_t > & EvaluateRegression(const TString &methodTag, Double_t aux=0)
evaluates MVA for given set of input variables
Definition Reader.cxx:565
IMethod * BookMVA(const TString &methodTag, const TString &weightfile)
read method name from weight file
Definition Reader.cxx:368
void AddSpectator(const TString &expression, Float_t *)
Add a float spectator or expression to the reader.
Definition Reader.cxx:321
void AddVariable(const TString &expression, Float_t *)
Add a float variable or expression to the reader.
Definition Reader.cxx:303
static Tools & Instance()
Definition Tools.cxx:71
std::vector< TString > SplitString(const TString &theOpt, const char separator) const
splits the option string at 'separator' and fills the list 'splitV' with the primitive strings
Definition Tools.cxx:1199
const char * GetTitle() const override
Returns title of object.
Definition TNamed.h:48
Stopwatch class.
Definition TStopwatch.h:28
void Start(Bool_t reset=kTRUE)
Start the stopwatch.
void Stop()
Stop the stopwatch.
void Print(Option_t *option="") const override
Print the real and cpu time passed between the start and stop events.
Basic string class.
Definition TString.h:139
Bool_t IsNull() const
Definition TString.h:414
virtual Bool_t AccessPathName(const char *path, EAccessMode mode=kFileExists)
Returns FALSE if one can access a file using the specified access mode.
Definition TSystem.cxx:1296
A TTree represents a columnar dataset.
Definition TTree.h:79
virtual Int_t GetEntry(Long64_t entry, Int_t getall=0)
Read all branches of entry and return total number of bytes read.
Definition TTree.cxx:5638
virtual Int_t SetBranchAddress(const char *bname, void *add, TBranch **ptr=nullptr)
Change branch address, dealing with clone trees properly.
Definition TTree.cxx:8385
virtual Long64_t GetEntries() const
Definition TTree.h:463
create variable transformations
Andreas Hoecker

Definition in file TMVARegressionApplication.C.