Logo ROOT  
Reference Guide
 
Loading...
Searching...
No Matches
rs_bernsteinCorrection.py File Reference

Namespaces

namespace  rs_bernsteinCorrection
 

Detailed Description

View in nbviewer Open in SWAN
Example of the BernsteinCorrection utility in RooStats.

The idea is that one has a distribution coming either from data or Monte Carlo (called "reality" in the macro) and a nominal model that is not sufficiently flexible to take into account the real distribution. One wants to take into account the systematic associated with this imperfect modeling by augmenting the nominal model with some correction term (in this case a polynomial). The BernsteinCorrection utility will import into your workspace a corrected model given by nominal(x) * poly_N(x), where poly_N is an n-th order polynomial in the Bernstein basis. The degree N of the polynomial is chosen by specifying the tolerance one has in adding an extra term to the polynomial. The Bernstein basis is nice because it only has positive-definite terms and works well with PDFs. Finally, the macro makes a plot of:

  • the data (drawn from 'reality'),
  • the best fit of the nominal model (blue)
  • and the best fit corrected model.
[#0] WARNING:InputArguments -- The parameter 'sigma' with range [0, 10] of the RooGaussian 'nominal' exceeds the safe range of (0, inf). Advise to limit its range.
[#1] INFO:ObjectHandling -- RooWorkspace::import(myWorksspace) importing dataset realityData
[#1] INFO:ObjectHandling -- RooWorkSpace::import(myWorksspace) changing name of dataset from realityData to data
[#1] INFO:ObjectHandling -- RooWorkspace::import(myWorksspace) importing RooRealVar::x
[#1] INFO:ObjectHandling -- RooWorkspace::import(myWorksspace) importing RooGaussian::nominal
[#1] INFO:ObjectHandling -- RooWorkspace::import(myWorksspace) importing RooConstVar::0
[#1] INFO:ObjectHandling -- RooWorkspace::import(myWorksspace) importing RooRealVar::sigma
BernsteinCorrection::ImportCorrectedPdf - Doing initial Fit with nominal model
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: activating const optimization
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: deactivating const optimization
[#1] INFO:NumericIntegration -- RooRealIntegral::init(corrected_Int[x]) using numeric integrator RooRombergIntegrator to calculate Int(x)
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: activating const optimization
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: deactivating const optimization
[#1] INFO:NumericIntegration -- RooRealIntegral::init(corrected_Int[x]) using numeric integrator RooRombergIntegrator to calculate Int(x)
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: activating const optimization
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: deactivating const optimization
[#1] INFO:NumericIntegration -- RooRealIntegral::init(corrected_Int[x]) using numeric integrator RooRombergIntegrator to calculate Int(x)
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: activating const optimization
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: deactivating const optimization
[#1] INFO:NumericIntegration -- RooRealIntegral::init(corrected_Int[x]) using numeric integrator RooRombergIntegrator to calculate Int(x)
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: activating const optimization
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: deactivating const optimization
[#1] INFO:NumericIntegration -- RooRealIntegral::init(corrected_Int[x]) using numeric integrator RooRombergIntegrator to calculate Int(x)
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: activating const optimization
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: deactivating const optimization
[#1] INFO:NumericIntegration -- RooRealIntegral::init(corrected_Int[x]) using numeric integrator RooRombergIntegrator to calculate Int(x)
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: activating const optimization
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: deactivating const optimization
[#1] INFO:ObjectHandling -- RooWorkspace::import(myWorksspace) importing RooEffProd::corrected
[#1] INFO:ObjectHandling -- RooWorkspace::import(myWorksspace) importing RooBernstein::poly
[#1] INFO:ObjectHandling -- RooWorkspace::import(myWorksspace) importing RooRealVar::c_0
[#1] INFO:ObjectHandling -- RooWorkspace::import(myWorksspace) importing RooRealVar::c_1
[#1] INFO:ObjectHandling -- RooWorkspace::import(myWorksspace) importing RooRealVar::c_2
[#1] INFO:ObjectHandling -- RooWorkspace::import(myWorksspace) importing RooRealVar::c_3
[#1] INFO:ObjectHandling -- RooWorkspace::import(myWorksspace) importing RooRealVar::c_4
[#1] INFO:ObjectHandling -- RooWorkspace::import(myWorksspace) importing RooRealVar::c_5
[#1] INFO:ObjectHandling -- RooWorkspace::import(myWorksspace) importing RooRealVar::c_6
------ Begin Bernstein Correction Log --------
degree = 1 -log L(0) = 1216.78 -log L(1) = 1208.89 q = 15.7692 P(chi^2_1 > q) = 7.1557e-05
degree = 2 -log L(1) = 1208.89 -log L(2) = 1203.21 q = 11.3692 P(chi^2_1 > q) = 0.000746732
degree = 3 -log L(2) = 1203.21 -log L(3) = 1198.85 q = 8.72171 P(chi^2_1 > q) = 0.00314444
degree = 4 -log L(3) = 1198.85 -log L(4) = 1190.16 q = 17.3777 P(chi^2_1 > q) = 3.06393e-05
degree = 5 -log L(4) = 1190.16 -log L(5) = 1183.56 q = 13.1965 P(chi^2_1 > q) = 0.00028048
degree = 6 -log L(5) = 1183.56 -log L(6) = 1182.57 q = 1.98352 P(chi^2_1 > q) = 0.15902
------ End Bernstein Correction Log --------
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: activating const optimization
Minuit2Minimizer: Minimize with max-calls 500 convergence for edm < 1 strategy 1
Minuit2Minimizer : Valid minimum - status = 0
FVAL = 1216.77793416266286
Edm = 4.16187344562173991e-07
Nfcn = 19
sigma = 1.18138 +/- 0.0315451 (limited)
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: deactivating const optimization
[#1] INFO:NumericIntegration -- RooRealIntegral::init(corrected_Int[x]) using numeric integrator RooRombergIntegrator to calculate Int(x)
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: activating const optimization
Minuit2Minimizer: Minimize with max-calls 3500 convergence for edm < 1 strategy 1
Minuit2Minimizer : Valid minimum - status = 0
FVAL = 1182.56856195034334
Edm = 0.000132254574581617092
Nfcn = 185
c_1 = 3.18345 +/- 0.786682 (limited)
c_2 = 4.73727e-06 +/- 3.10512 (limited)
c_3 = 1.11806e-06 +/- 1.51813 (limited)
c_4 = 0.966535 +/- 2.16507 (limited)
c_5 = 0.216439 +/- 67.8113 (limited)
c_6 = 10.4409 +/- 20.6997 (limited)
sigma = 1.26669 +/- 0.210849 (limited)
[#1] INFO:Minimization -- RooAbsMinimizerFcn::setOptimizeConst: deactivating const optimization
[#1] INFO:NumericIntegration -- RooRealIntegral::init(corrected_Int[x]) using numeric integrator RooRombergIntegrator to calculate Int(x)
made pdfs, make toy generator
on toy 0
on toy 1
on toy 2
on toy 3
on toy 4
on toy 5
on toy 6
on toy 7
on toy 8
on toy 9
on toy 10
on toy 11
on toy 12
on toy 13
on toy 14
on toy 15
on toy 16
on toy 17
on toy 18
on toy 19
Correction based on Bernstein Poly of degree 6
import sys
import ROOT
# set range of observable
lowRange = -1
highRange = 5
# make a RooRealVar for the observable
x = ROOT.RooRealVar("x", "x", lowRange, highRange)
# true model
narrow = ROOT.RooGaussian("narrow", "", x, ROOT.RooFit.RooConst(0.0), ROOT.RooFit.RooConst(0.8))
wide = ROOT.RooGaussian("wide", "", x, ROOT.RooFit.RooConst(0.0), ROOT.RooFit.RooConst(2.0))
reality = ROOT.RooAddPdf("reality", "", [narrow, wide], ROOT.RooFit.RooConst(0.8))
data = reality.generate(x, 1000)
# nominal model
sigma = ROOT.RooRealVar("sigma", "", 1.0, 0, 10)
nominal = ROOT.RooGaussian("nominal", "", x, ROOT.RooFit.RooConst(0.0), sigma)
wks = ROOT.RooWorkspace("myWorksspace")
wks.Import(data, Rename="data")
wks.Import(nominal)
if ROOT.TClass.GetClass("ROOT::Minuit2::Minuit2Minimizer"):
# use Minuit2 if ROOT was built with support for it:
# The tolerance sets the probability to add an unnecessary term.
# lower tolerance will add fewer terms, while higher tolerance
# will add more terms and provide a more flexible function.
tolerance = 0.05
bernsteinCorrection = ROOT.RooStats.BernsteinCorrection(tolerance)
degree = bernsteinCorrection.ImportCorrectedPdf(wks, "nominal", "x", "data")
if degree < 0:
ROOT.Error("rs_bernsteinCorrection", "Bernstein correction failed !")
sys.exit()
print("Correction based on Bernstein Poly of degree ", degree)
frame = x.frame()
data.plotOn(frame)
# plot the best fit nominal model in blue
nominal.fitTo(data, PrintLevel=0)
nominal.plotOn(frame)
# plot the best fit corrected model in red
corrected = wks["corrected"]
if not corrected:
sys.exit()
# fit corrected model
corrected.fitTo(data, PrintLevel=0)
corrected.plotOn(frame, LineColor="r")
# plot the correction term (* norm constant) in dashed green
# should make norm constant just be 1, not depend on binning of data
poly = wks["poly"]
if poly:
poly.plotOn(frame, LineColor="g", LineStyle="--")
# this is a switch to check the sampling distribution
# of -2 log LR for two comparisons:
# the first is for n-1 vs. n degree polynomial corrections
# the second is for n vs. n+1 degree polynomial corrections
# Here we choose n to be the one chosen by the tolerance
# criterion above, eg. n = "degree" in the code.
# Setting this to true is takes about 10 min.
checkSamplingDist = True
numToyMC = 20 # increase this value for sensible results
c1 = ROOT.TCanvas()
if checkSamplingDist:
c1.Divide(1, 2)
c1.cd(1)
frame.Draw()
ROOT.gPad.Update()
if checkSamplingDist:
# check sampling dist
samplingDist = ROOT.TH1F("samplingDist", "", 20, 0, 10)
samplingDistExtra = ROOT.TH1F("samplingDistExtra", "", 20, 0, 10)
bernsteinCorrection.CreateQSamplingDist(
wks, "nominal", "x", "data", samplingDist, samplingDistExtra, degree, numToyMC
)
c1.cd(2)
samplingDistExtra.SetLineColor(ROOT.kRed)
samplingDistExtra.Draw()
samplingDist.Draw("same")
c1.SaveAs("rs_bernsteinCorrection.png")
static void SetDefaultMinimizer(const char *type, const char *algo=nullptr)
Set the default Minimizer type and corresponding algorithms.
static void SetDefaultPrintLevel(int level)
Set the default Print Level.
Date
June 2022
Authors
Artem Busorgin, Kyle Cranmer (C++ version)

Definition in file rs_bernsteinCorrection.py.